“THE GREAT PACIFIC GARBAGE PATCH IS LOCATED IN THE NORTH PACIFIC GYRE OFF THE COAST OF CALIFORNIA AND IS THE LARGEST GARBAGE SITE IN THE WORLD, THIS FLOATING MASS OF PLASTIC IS TWICE THE SIZE OF TEXAS, WITH PLASTIC PIECES OUT NUMBERING SEA LIFE SIX TO ONE”
“100,000 MARINE CREATURES IN A YEAR DIE FROM PLASTIC ENTANGLAMENT AND APPROX 1 MILLION SEA BIRDS ALSO DIE BY CONSUMING PLASTICS”
World already was facing environmental challenges and waste management issues and than plastic came into the picture. In 1950, Commercial production of started and just in under 70 years plastic has truly dominated out 24 Hours. Look around you, You will get at least 25 examples.
In 2014 world produced 320 Million Tons of Plastics
UNITED STATES generates approx 258 Million Tons of Garbage each year. Of which Million Tons is recycled, 33 Million Tons used for energy recovery and whooping 136 Million Tons goes to landfills. An average person in US consumes more than 100 Kg of plastic each year. In 2012, Only 9% of Post Consumer plastic waste has been recycled. Remaining 32 Million Tons discharged into landfills or finds way into ocean via leakages. Due to higher per capita consumption,US has to take some serious steps towards the managing plastic garbage.
If present trends continue, by 2050, there will be 12 Million Tons of plastic in landfills. That amount is 35,000 times as heavy as the Empire State Building
Being second highest populated country in the world, India generates 1,33,760 Tons of waste every day ( 1 Million Tons in just 10 days) out of which plastic contributes to 15,342 Tons . Out of total garbage only 68% Of waste is collected. Means more than 40,000 tons of garbage is being littered to land or sea. Only 26% garbage from total is recycled or treated and remaining goes to Landfill. Speaking of Plastics from 15000 Tons generated waste, 9000 Tons were collected while remaining 6000 remains littered. India is listed 12th in top 20 Countries who contributed highest in polluting oceans
China wins the contest. In every aspect. CHINA is biggest country in generating garbage. China is solely responsible for 30% of plastic pollution clogging the oceans. Every day china generates about 5,20,000 Tons of garbage. Julie Makinen wrote in the Los Angeles Times, “China has surpassed the United States to become the world’s largest trash producer, churning out more than 260 million tons a year. Beijing’s 20 million residents generate about 18,000 tons a day, most of which goes to landfills. With household trash volume rising at least 5 percent annually, according to the city, authorities are building new incinerators, though that’s caused concern about further dirtying the capital’s already smoggy skies. ” . With having per capita consumption of Plastic around 40 Kg and highest population on earth, Managing plastic garbage as especiallly Plastic Waste is one of the top most challenge for china. To overcome, china have banned import on foreign garbage. On 18th July, China Notified the WTO(World Trade Organization) that it would stop accepting shipments of rubbish such as Plastic / Paper as a part of campaign against “FOREIGN GARBAGE” .
Iserael also could not score good grades in Waste management. According to reports, 5.4 Million Tons of solid waste is generated in Isarael each year. Of which plastic contributes 41% by volume (2.21 Million Tons). From total garbage, Isarael is able to recycle 25% while remaining 75% finds way to either landfills or oceans.
Russia also is running out of space for more landfills. Russia generates about 60 Million Tons of waste each year out of which 30% of garbage is of Plastics. From the total garbage Russia is able to recycle only 11-15%. Even though having low recycling rates, Russia dumps not more than 20 Million tons to landfills, They act smart. They just export garbage to other countries like Sweden / China.
Speaking of Sweden, I think it is only country which can impress us considering waste management. RECYCLING REVOLUTION actually has happened in Sweden. In 1975 Only 38% of house hold garbage was recycled. In 2014 Sweden imported 2.7 Million tons of garbage just to keep recycling industry running.
Sweden recycle it’s 47% of garbage. 52%
used in energy conversion thanks to that, 9,50,000 homes are heated and 2,60,000 homes are electrified. Only 1% of Garbage goes into landfills.
I don’t mean to target any government or private body for the messed up Waste management all over the world, What I want to convay is, Plastic is not Bad material. How we use it is important. Properties of Plastic of having flexibility / long durability / easy to process made it prominent are the same properties which made it one of the most hated topic on internet. Because we, The people could not handle.
As a common man in a country we can not change whole waste management systems. But what we can do is, we can control generation of waste. Natural Home Brands, Suppliers of Eco Friendly Kitchen Tools / Health & Beauty products, Have made an amazing list of 22 Ways to reuse plastic. Click Here. I am sure you will love it.
If you loved or Hated the article than please. Feel free to drop comments.
Also don’t forget to read the previous post SAY YES TO PLASTICS
CLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY http://www.coresponsibility.com/chinas-plastic-waste-epidemic/