Category: Uncategorized

Roads of PLASTICS!! !! !!

WASTE MANAGEMENT and ROAD NETWORK of a county effects each and individual citizens within. Because waste management is directly related to health of society and Roads matter for connectivity, transportation and availing resources which are not present in particular locality.

What if I say, Both the problems can be curbed by 1 solution. Yes. That’s right, Making roads from PLASTICS. And not from virgin plastics, but from plastic waste which we generate as lamination films, biscuits / chips /chocolates’ wrappers, carry bags, disposed containers etc.. ..

road

The technology goes back to 20th century, Polymer modified asphalts became popular in late 1970s in Europe.  At the initial stages only virgin plastics were used for making these types of polymer-asphalt compounds which resulted to non viability in practical use.

Making roads from Plastic scrap is kind of newer technology, thus there are no any particular methodology to it. Many companies using different methods to achieve desirable results.

The PLASTIC MAN of India Prof. Rajagopalan Vasudevan who invented very low cost method for plastic roads and he implemented use of plastic waste in road in 2002 at his collage campus. According to him method is as follows.

Inspiration-from-R-Vasudevan-Plastic-Road-5
Plastic Man of India. Prof. Vasudevan
  • STEP 1 : Segregating plastic waste from the solid waste.
  • STEP 2 : Than shredded into small pieces using industrial plastic shredders.
  • STEP 3 : Shredded plastic waste is heated at upto 165 Deg. Cel. temperature and transferred to mixing chambers
  • STEP 4 : Bitumen, heated at 160 Deg. Cel. is mixed with plastic melt and mixed thoroughly
  • STEP 5 : Lying road with tempreature range between 110 Deg. Cel to 120 Deg. Cel. with used roller of 8 tonnes capacity.

Main advantages plastic roads offer are Long Durability, Water Resistance, Reducing Voice Pollution, Can withstand high temperature as well as high loads and we get to save some resources too… !!!!

According to Prof. Vasudevan


THE ADVANTAGES OF USING WASTE PLASTICS FOR ROAD CONSTRUCTION  ARE MANY. THE PROCESS IS EASY AND DOES NOT NEED ANY NEW MACHINERY. FOR EVERY KILO OF STONE, 50 GM OF BITUMEN IS USED AND 1/10TH OF THIS IS PLASTIC WASTE. THIS REDUCES THE AMOUNT OF BITUMEN TO BE USED. PLASTIC INCREASES THE AGGREGATE IMPACT VALUE AND IMPROVES THE QUALITY OF FLEXIBLE PAVEMENTS. WEAR AND TEAR OF THE ROAD IS DECREASED TO LARGE EXTENT”


Plastics roads are highly versatile too.  Many cities are using plastic roads as per their particular requirements.

For example Illinois use them for High Traffic Truck Roads, Washington State use them for voice reduction purpose,  In rural Orianto  they are used to prevent crackings on the roads after harsh winter. In southern India, State of Tamilnadu use them for long durability of the road.

Thus, being Eco-friendly solution, many counties are starting to pave the way forward with plastic roads,

In UK engineer named Toby McCarthey has first introduced plastic road replacing bitumen with pieces of plastic waste. As a results those roads were 60 % stronger than conventional bitumen-tar roads. Netherlands are also in the list using ocean waste in road infrastructure. Ghana / Bhutan have also adopted the Eco-friendly technology, But India is performing quite impressively.

JAMBULINGAM Street of Nandangakkam area of City, Chennai( State:Tamil Nadu) is one of the earliest plastic road projects in India. Those “PLASTIC TAR” made road have not developed any potholes or rutting or raveling even after 4 years of age. Since than India leaned towards this approach with higher seriousness

In India about 39,000 Kms ( Approx 21000 Miles) of roads have already by used Plastics waste. Out of which roughly half are in the southern area of state Tamil Nadu. Mostly are in the rural areas. Small numbers of roads with plastics are in Chennai and financial capital Mumbai as well. Remaining are in Jamshedpur, Himachal Pradesh, Bangalore etc.. .. ..

In eastern India, The JAMSHEDPUR UTILITY & SERVICES COMPANY (JUSCO) a subsidery company of TATA Steel has unique patented technology of these types of roads.  JUSCO has constructed around 15 Km roads in STEEL CITY, Jamshedpur  and widened 22 roads using this technology.

Mr. Gaurav Anand, Senior Manager (Quality Assurance) JUSCO, who is also and environmental engineer has said that there are no maintenance cost for first 5 years. He also said that for every Kilo metre and four metre wide road using this technology one tonne of Bitumen is saved. Worth 50,000 Rs. The bitumen use is reduced 7% since JUSCO has taken this initiative. Anand said, longevity of these types of roads are two times better than conventional bitumen roads.

According to Times Of India The National Highwy Authority of India (NHAI) is planning to utilize solid waste from Ghazipur landfill site in construction of Delhi-Meerut expressway. This will be in line with Prime Minister Narendra Modi‘s direction for utilizing waste in productive ways

As current BJP Government of India has allocated 13,948 Crore Rs. on ‘Swachchh Bharat Abhiyan’ (Translate as : “CLEAN INDIA MISSION) and multi-million km of Indian road network, Industrialists and environmentalist are expecting more projects to be announced for Plastic waste Roads.

Do you think this alternative can help us get rid of Plastic Waste????

Please feel free to drop comments.

PLASTIC / PEOPLE and MONEY

“It is expected that worth of global plastic market will be more than 655 Billion USD”

It is so young and powerful. Isn’t it????

Just been about more than 65 years, look around. I bet you would find it so hard to have sight without plastic. Many experts claim it to be the most wonderful material ever found, where many believe that plastics is solely responsible for environmental disaster. I also have my own opinion which I mentioned in previous posts SAY YES TO PLASTICS and WHO IS RESPONSIBLE?? .

business-management

Being a businessman, There is third angle I am looking at plastics and its about ECONOMY, REVENUE and EMPLOYMENTS because PLASTIC STREAM holds vast area of PRODUCTION INDUSTRY as well as RECYCLING INDUSTRY providing employments to hundreds of thousands people. Helping going by to everyday life.

According to IBEF.Org INDIA have more than 2000 exporters all over the country. Export of PLASTICS Products/Machinery was 7.65 Billion USD in financial year 2015-2016. With the biggest importer being US (898.45 Mil. USD) followed by China (489.25 Mil. USD), UAE (422.74 Mil. USD), Germany (290.03 Mil. USD), UK (287.68 Mil. USD). Beign non developed country in terms of Industry,

Nepal somewhat depends upon India when it comes to fulfilling plastic demands of the country. In 2015-16 Nepal imported plastic good worth more than 160 Mil. USD.

Around 85-90% organizations associated with plastic industry are Small / Medium scales, and more than 70% of are processing under UN-organised sector thus, it is really difficult to get exact data about total numbers of units in India, yet many reports suggest that around 30,000 processing units are in the country with 40,000,00 people employed to the industry.   4 Million People!!!!!! Amazing. Isn’t it?

Still if we look at the consumption aspects, India is not that much forward. Per capita consumption of plastic in India is just around 11-13 Kg where for US and China it is more than 100 kg.

India expect 20 Million Metric Tonnes consumption annually by 2020. With per capita consumption of 20 kg.

As mentioned, per capita consumption of Plastics in USA is more than 100 Kg. as per PLASTICNEWS, USA Plastic Stream is third largest manufacturing sector after GAS EXTRACTION and AUTOMOBILES. In 2016 US alone demanded for plastic worth of around 295 Billion USD, which is always expected to be increasing.

Going since back in 1999 USA employed more than 1.25 Million people to plastic industry, which turned to 8,70,000 jobs in 2008 due to recession. In 2016 employment grew 1.4% from 2015, Reaching 9,54,000 jobs which is expected to cross million mark again in 2017 reports. (Surely I will be coming with more data in future on the same)

While looking at The Great Britain, BEF mentioned as annual turnover of plastic industry in Britain is 23.5 Billion Pounds (Approx 30.80 Billion USD). About 6,200 firms are engaged in plastic industry out of which 5,200 are manufacturers of plastic products with employing 1,70,000 people.

BTW Thanks to UK for INVENTING POLYTHENE in 1933

China represents largest market for plastics & significant driver for industrial growth. Recent economic slow down impacted the industry. Largest plastics & rubber machinery to china saw its exports drop 4% in 2016 on top of than 19% drop in 2017.

Still comparing internally, Chinese plastic industry have really handled situation. In 2016 plastic machine manufacturing  amounted 5.69 Billion RBM ( 0.85 Billion USD) showed 14% growth from previous year. Where export value amounted to 9.05 Billion RBM ( 1.35 Billion USD) which was 7% higher than previous year.

So, overall China is recovering internally and I am certainly sure that in 2018 report chines plastic industry will be way much better than current or previous ones.

The point is…….

As plastic have already dominated our lives. Plastic also is very much important in our nation’s economy, financial growth, employment numbers.

It is just an angle. It is not about Plastic is GOOD or BAD or something like that.

Please feel free to drop your thoughts on comment box.

Say Yes To Plastics

By searching blogs of PLASTICS one can find hundreds post related to subject.
Of those more than 90% content is blaming plastic as one of the biggest pollutant. Which may be true in some cases but we need to step back and think about it once.

different-plastic

Just ask yourself a question “from waking up in the morning till sleeping at night, can I live without plastics for a single day?” (more…)